Coronary Artery Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Coronary Artery Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

CAD (Coronary Artery Disease) is a condition in which the arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart become clogged and narrowed, leading to an accumulation of fatty deposits called plaque. Plaque can break off and stick to your coronary arteries, causing them to narrow or harden. This can reduce the supply of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle, which leads to chest pain or heart attack. Coronary artery disease Tomball is often associated with smoking and high blood pressure, both of which increase the risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Heart rhythm problems are also common among people with coronary artery disease.

Below are the symptoms and treatment for CAD.

What are the symptoms of coronary artery disease?

Chest pain: Chest pain, or angina pectoris, is the most common symptom of coronary artery disease. It occurs when the heart muscle is under increased stress and cannot pump enough blood to meet the body’s demands. The chest pain may be mild or severe and is typically felt in the center of the chest, ranging from a dull ache to severe, piercing discomfort. Each time you have a heart attack, your risk of having another grows.

Shortness of breath: Shortness of breath is another symptom of CAD. It occurs when there is insufficient oxygen in your blood for your heart muscles to function properly. Shortness of breath may accompany nausea or lightheadedness, making you feel faint or dizzy. If you have shortness of breath due to coronary artery disease, you may also experience a dry cough that makes it difficult to breathe deeply enough to get enough oxygen into your lungs.

Lightheadedness: This may be the first symptom of this disease. This is an early sign that the heart is not pumping properly, and it could also be a symptom of other problems. If you experience lightheadedness when you stand up from a lying or sitting position, it could be a sign of CAD. It is not unusual for people to feel light-headed when they are about to faint, but it should never happen when you are healthy.

Treatment options for coronary artery disease

The best treatment options for CAD include:

Stents: These are tiny tubes inserted into narrowed arteries to help them stay open.

Angioplasty: This involves the injection of a gel called a stent graft that helps to hold open blocked arteries.

Coronary artery bypass surgery: This is used when less invasive treatments are not an option or if they are not effective enough. In this surgery, a vein or arteries are taken from elsewhere in the body and used to bypass an obstructed section of an artery.

The best treatment for coronary artery disease is heart-healthy lifestyle changes. This includes healthy eating, exercise, and stopping smoking. In addition to lifestyle changes, some people with coronary artery disease may reduce their risk of myocardial infarction or heart attack by taking medicines that thin the blood. However, these drugs are not recommended as first-line treatments for CAD because they may have side effects.

CAD is a medical condition that is commonly associated with atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. The disease is caused by highly refined carbohydrates, unnatural fats, and trans fats entering the body and building up on the walls of the arteries. This causes a decreased flow of oxygenated blood to the muscle of your heart, leading to myocardial infarction or heart attack in extreme cases. If you are experiencing any signs of coronary artery disease, contact Houston Sinus Surgery.