Spinal Disorders: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment Options

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Spinal Disorders: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment Options
source: utswmed.org

Spinal disorders can impact your productivity and diminish your overall quality of life. Comprehensive Orthopedic & Spine Care offers minimally-invasive spine surgery in New York. Modern surgical procedures are minimally-invasive and have lower risks of complications.

When is spine surgery necessary?

You may need spinal surgery if you have severe symptoms of a spinal disorder. Spine problems are caused by different factors, such as tumors, herniated discs, and vertebral fractures.

The spinal cord is a cylindrical structure carrying nerves from the base of your head to your lower back. Different types of spinal nerves convey messages to certain parts of the body. So when there is a loss of sensation in a specific area, it may provide clues on the exact location of the injury on the spine.

Spine injuries and compression are the leading factors causing spinal disorders. The problem could result from genetic anomalies, autoimmune conditions, or fluid-filled cavities. The principal purpose of surgery is to address spinal injuries or herniated discs to restore function and relieve pain.

Symptoms of spine disorders

There are different spine disorders with varying symptoms. Your practitioner can narrow down to the affected section of the spine by evaluating your symptoms.

Some of the symptoms may include:

  • Uneven posture such as one shoulder leaning more than the other
  • Sharp, burning, or stabbing back or neck pain
  • Problems with bladder or bowel regulation
  • Loss of sensation in certain parts of the body

Spine disorders risk factors

You may be at higher risk of developing spinal infections if you have diabetes. Diabetes patients are prone to spinal conditions like spinal epidural abscess and vertebral osteomyelitis. Diabetes may also trigger vertebral fractures and spinal stenosis.

Renal failure can also lead to spinal disorders. Pain from the kidney often radiates to your abdomen, ribs, and spine.

Overweight patients are also at risk of developing spinal disorders due to fat accumulation that exerts pressure on the spine. Obesity also causes biochemical changes that can trigger spine problems.

Diagnosis of spinal disorders

The diagnosis begins with a discussion of your symptoms and experiences with spinal discomfort. Inform your practitioner if you have a pre-existing condition or are taking medications. Your provider may instruct you to avoid food and drinks before the consultation.

Your provider may conduct a CT (Computer Tomography) of the spine. CT scans provide detailed images of the vertebrae to reveal inflammation or injuries.

EMG (Electromyography) and nerve conduction test is a diagnostic tool that studies the electrical activity in your muscle and nerves. It assesses how fast your body reacts to electrical signals and can narrow down to the exact location of the problem.

Treatment options for spinal disorders

Physical therapy and oral antibiotics can manage symptoms for people with mild inflammation or injuries. Your provider will consider surgery after exhausting other options.

Modern spinal procedures are minimally-invasive compared to traditional open surgery. It involves making a minute incision along the spine to expose the vertebrae. The minimally-invasive treatment has lower incidences of infections and complications.

Consult Comprehensive Orthopedic & Spine Care to schedule a consultation today.