Infertility is becoming more and more common amongst young men and women. Many couples who are trying to have children face infertility issues and challenges that force them to consider treatments and diagnose reproductive health issues in their body. In most cases, the issues are small and easily corrected with medication and treatment procedures.
This is why undergoing a thorough study of one’s own reproductive health is a good idea to ensure that there are no problems and hiccups on the way to reproduction. Female Infertility treatment are becoming very popular across hospitals and clinics and many couples are taking up evaluations and examinations to understand the reproductive challenges they are facing.
What is Infertility?
When it comes to infertility, it can go both ways, there is both male infertility and female infertility. When men are not able to provide healthy semen with good sperm or be able to sexually perform due to some disorder or physical inability, it is termed male infertility.
When a woman is unable to provide a healthy egg or be able to sustain a pregnancy in the uterus due to issues in the reproductive system, blocks in the duct, or weakness of the uterus or cervix, this is termed female infertility. Thankfully there are many kinds of male infertility and female infertility treatment options that are now made available to couples who are facing difficulty in conceiving.
Causes of Female Infertility in Women
Infertility can be caused by one or a combination of many causes and factors. The four most common causes for infertility in women are mentioned below:
1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
One of the major disorders that plague most women, a hormonal imbalance in the body causes the body to not ovulate properly or in time for conception. This is caused mainly due to insulin resistance in the body and can be treated with medication and lifestyle changes.
PCOS is very common amongst young women and can be identified at a very early stage with symptoms such as excessive facial and body hair, irregular periods, abnormal periods, excessive weight gain, or unexplained weight loss, etc. With some treatment and lifestyle changes, this disorder can be easily overcome and reproductive health can be restored in women.
2. Hormonal Imbalance
The malfunction of some of the glands that release important hormones such as Luteinizing Hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone can cause infertility in women. The excessive production of prolactin also interferes with conception and estrogen level in the body . Reproductive hormones – LH, FSH, and Estrogen are vital in ovulation of a healthy egg and conception all the way through to implantation and lack of them can cause infertility in women.
3. Fallopian Tube Issues
Any kind of blockages in the fallopian tubes such as polyps, muscle mass development, cysts, swelling, weakening, water retention, etc can cause the egg to not descend to the tube and therefore stop the body from conception. The egg needs to travel through the fallopian tube pre and post-fertilization and therefore any hindrance in the pathway can cause a lack of implantation and therefore cause infertility.
4. Uterine and Cervical Causes
An oddly shaped uterus, weak cervix, abnormalities in the uterus or cervix, polyps, or tumors in the uterus can all pose challenges to conceive and sustain the pregnancy. Narrowing of the cervix and cervical mucus that attacks the sperms are also some reasons why a woman may not get pregnant.