The pituitary gland is responsible for releasing many different hormones into the body. If there is a problem with this gland, it can affect several other body parts. The pituitary gland releases five different types of hormones to maintain homeostasis in the body. To name a few, these include growth hormone, LH, FSH, and prolactin. Deficiency or overproduction of these hormones can cause various problems for the human body, as the lack of these hormones will hinder growth and development. To treat any issues affecting the pituitary gland, you need to see a doctor specializing in diagnosing and treating the pituitary disorder in Newport Beach. Below are some common pituitary disorders.
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1. Pituitary Tumors
One of the most common pituitary disorders is a tumor on the gland. Because the pituitary gland regulates so many different hormones, if there is an abnormal mass or growth, it can cause issues throughout the body. Most often, these tumors will either be malignant or benign. They may cause headaches, blurred vision, and loss of coordination. It is always best to see a doctor as soon as possible if you experience any of these symptoms.
2. Pituitary Hypofunction
The pituitary gland may not release enough hormones causing hypo functions. They can affect primarily those who are children or young adults. The most common pituitary disorder is hypothyroidism which affects the production of thyroxine. Children with this disorder may have delayed growth and sexual development, while adults can suffer from weight gain, fatigue, and depression. This pituitary disorder is treated by taking hormones that the patient’s body normally produces if they are lacking.
3. Pituitary Hyperfunction
Much like pituitary hypofunction, this condition is caused by an overabundance of hormones being released into the system. This disorder can also affect children and adults. Most often, it affects women during childbearing years. Most people who suffer from hypopituitarism have panhypopituitarism which means they lack many of the hormones released by the pituitary gland. The most common symptoms of this disorder are weight loss, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. It is crucial to reach out to a doctor if any of these symptoms occur.
4. Growth Hormone Deficiency
One of the most common pituitary disorders is growth hormone deficiency. This disorder affects both children and adults, primarily during puberty when hormones are abundant in the body. Children with this disorder may have issues growing taller or experiencing puberty changes. Children who suffer from this disorder may also become obese in adulthood. With treatment, these people can live everyday life with the help of growth hormone therapy.
5. Prolactin Imbalance
Prolactin is a pituitary hormone responsible for mammary gland development and lactation. Men can also be affected by hyperprolactinemia, which proves to be an issue during the early stages of puberty. It affects women more than men. This disorder may lead to infertility in men and women and low libido. It may also cause abnormal menstruation cycles and sexual dysfunction, and breast growth in men. This disorder is treated with hormone therapy, such as bromocriptine or cabergoline.
In summary, the pituitary gland plays a vital role in releasing different hormones. However, some disorders impair their functioning. Common pituitary disorders include prolactin imbalance, pituitary tumors, and pituitary hyper or hypofunction.